The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Biomass is an organic material that is used to produce fuel, used as an energy source in power stations for generating electricity. Materials that make up biomass fuels are forest debris, scrap lumber, certain crops, manure and waste residues. Biomass can be obtained by two ways-directly via combustion to produce heat, or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be achieved by different methods which are broadly classified into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Industrial biomass can be cultivated from different types of plants including miscanthus, switchgrass, willow, poplar, bamboo, sorghum, sugarcane, corn, and a variety of tree species, ranging from eucalyptus to oil palm (palm oil).
- Track 1-1 Biomass sources and conversion technologies
- Track 1-2 Sustainable feed stock development
- Track 1-3 Agricultural biomass and energy production
- Track 1-4 Biomass and electricity
- Track 1-5 Industrial waste biomass
- Track 1-6 Biomass challenges
- Track 1-7 Waste biomass to energy
- Track 1-8Modeling of biomas combustion, co-combustion and gasification.
Biogas is a mixture of different gases produced by the breakdown of organic matter under anaerobic condition. Biogas can be produced from different raw materials such as agricultural waste, plant waste, municipal waste, sewage and food waste. It is a renewable energy source which can be produced with less capital investment and in less time. Biogas can be produced by anaerobic digestion with anaerobic bacteria, which digest material inside a closed system, or fermentation of biodegradable materials. Biogas is composed of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and may have small amounts of hydrogen sulphide (H2S), moisture and siloxanes. Biogas can be compressed, like natural gas is compressed to CNG, and used to power motor vehicles.
- Track 2-1Renewable natural gas
- Track 2-2 Biogas from agricultural waste
- Track 2-3 New substrates for biogas production
- Track 2-4 Biogas from waste vegetables
- Track 2-5 Biogas technologies
- Track 2-6 Manure derived biogas
- Track 2-7 Biogas from algae
- Track 2-8Policy structures for biogas generation from animal waste
Bioenergy is renewable energy produced by living organisms from biological origin. Biomass is any organic matter which has deposited sunlight in the form of chemical energy. As a fuel it may comprise wood, straw, wood waste, sugarcane, manure, and many other by-products from different agricultural engineering processes. In its wider sense it includes biomass, the biological matter utilized as a biofuel, as well as the social, scientific, economic and technical fields related with utilizing biological sources for energy. This is a common misbelief, as bioenergy is the energy cultivated from the biomass, as the biomass is the fuel and the bioenergy is the energy stored in the fuel.
- Track 3-1 Bioenergy conversion
- Track 3-2 Bioenergy transition
- Track 3-3 Bioenergy processes
- Track 3-4 Bioenergy applications
- Track 3-5 Next generation renewable energy technologies
- Track 3-6 Heat and power generation
- Track 3-7 Gasification and pyrolysis
- Track 3-8 Advanced solid biofuels
- Track 3-9 Production and supply of bio methane
Renewable Energy is defined as any energy resource’s that can be naturally renew or regenerated over a short time and which is directly derived from the sun (solar energy), indirectly from sun such as wind energy, hydropower energy, bioenergy or from other mechanisms of natural resources (geothermal energy, tidal energy). Renewable energy is generated from natural processes that are continuously recycled. This includes sunlight, heat, wind energy, tides, water, and various forms of biomass. This energy cannot be depleted and is constantly renewed.
- Track 4-1Types of renewable energy
- Track 4-2 Renewable chemicals
- Track 4-3 Energy-from-waste
- Track 4-4 Energy efficiency
- Track 4-5 Energy schemes in the rural developing world
Biorefining is the efficient processing of biomass into a wide range of marketable products and energy. By means of co-producing relatively (high) value chemicals (e.g. fine chemicals, pharmaceuticals, polymers) the production costs of secondary energy carriers potentially could become market competitors, especially when biorefining is integrated into the existing chemical, material and power industries. Industrial biorefineries have been identified as the novel route to the creation of a new domestic bio based industry. By producing multiple products; a biorefinery can take advantage of the differences in biomass components and intermediates and maximize the value derived from the biomass feedstock.
- Track 5-1 Integrated biorefinery
- Track 5-2 Biorefinery systems and types
- Track 5-3 Biorefinery products
- Track 5-4 Petroleum refinery
- Track 5-5 Bio oil production
- Track 5-6 Biorefining scheme from algal and bacterial protein sources
Bioethanol is a clean fuel used for combustion engines made from plant-based feedstocks. It produces considerably lower emissions on combustion and it only releases the same amount of carbon dioxide as plants bound while growing. Bioethanol is majorly produced from the sugar fermentation process, and rarely produced from the chemical reaction between ethylene and steam. The main source of sugar required to produce ethanol comes from fuel or energy crops. These fuel crops are grown specifically for energy use and include maize, corn and wheat crops, waste straw, willow, sawdust, reed canary grass, cord grasses, Jerusalem artichoke, Myscanthus and sorghum plants.
- Track 6-1 Bioethanol production from waste vegetables
- Track 6-2 Bioalcohol from algae
- Track 6-3 Bioalcohol from plant sources
- Track 6-4 Scale up on industrial level
- Track 6-5 Bioethanol as automobile fuel
- Track 6-6 Generations of bioalcohols & scope of advancement
Biodiesel is a form of biofuel used as a substitute for diesel. It is safe, biodegradable, and produces less air pollutants than petroleum-based diesel. Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and is thus distinct from the vegetable and waste oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used in pure form, or blended with petrodiesel in any proportions. Biodiesel blends can also be used as heating oil. It also can be obtained from Pongamia, field pennycress and jatropha and other crops such as mustard, jojoba, flax, sunflower, palm oil, coconut and hemp. Several economic studies have been conducted regarding the economic impact of biodiesel production.
- Track 7-1Petroleum diesel
- Track 7-2Biodiesel from crude oil
- Track 7-3 Production of biodiesel
- Track 7-4 Algal biodiesel
- Track 7-5 Biodiesel to hydrogen cell power
- Track 7-6 Enzymatic biodiesel production
- Track 7-7 Biodiesel as automobile fuel
- Track 7-8 Biodiesel production from agricultural waste
- Track 7-9 Applications of biodiesel
- Track 7-10Conversion of biodiesel production byproducts to useful products
Aviation biofuel is a biofuel used for aircraft. Some consider it to be the primary means by which the aviation industry can reduce its carbon footprint. After a multi-year technical review from aircraft makers, engine manufacturers and oil companies, biofuel was approved for commercial use in July 2011. Since then, some airlines have experimented using biofuels on commercial flights. The focus of the industry has now turned to second generation sustainable biofuels that do not compete with food supplies. “Drop-in" biofuels are biofuels that are completely interchangeable with conventional fuels. Deriving "drop-in" jet fuel from bio-based sources is approved via two routes.
- Track 8-1 Aviation biofuels from renewable sources
- Track 8-2 Commercialization of aviation biofuels
- Track 8-3 New sources for aviation biofuels
- Track 8-4 Applications of aviation biofuels
- Track 8-5 Large scale biogas production and challenges
- Track 8-6 Environmental protection control system(EPC)
- Track 8-7 Biobased jet fuel
- Track 8-8 Cost reduction policies
Advanced biofuels or second generation biofuels are fuels that can be processed from numerous types of biomass called lignocellulosic biomass. First generation biofuels are processed from the sugars and vegetable oils formed in arable crops, which can be smoothly extracted applying conventional technology. In comparison, advanced biofuels are made from lignocellulose biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste, which makes it tougher to extract the requisite fuel. Advanced biofuel technologies have been devised because first generation biofuels have few major limitations. First generation biofuel can be produced feasibly but restricted in most cases: there is a limit above which they cannot yield enough biofuel without forbidding food supplies and biodiversity.
- Track 9-1 Second generation biofuels
- Track 9-2 Thermochemical routes
- Track 9-3 Syngas from biomass
- Track 9-4 Lignocellulosic biomass
- Track 9-5 Synthesis of advanced biofuels
- Track 9-6 Advanced biofuels from photobioreactor
- Track 9-7 Advanced biofuels from pyrolysis oil
- Track 9-8 Next generation feedstock for biofuels
- Track 9-9 Commercialization of next generation bIofuels
- Track 9-10 Microbial pathways for advanced biofuels production
- Track 9-11Carbon-dioxide conversion to liquid fuels technology
The term "algae" refers to a great diversity of organisms—from microscopic cyanobacteria to giant bladder kelp. Most algae convert sunlight into energy in a similar manner as plants; however, the genetic diversity of the many kinds of algae gives researchers an incredible number of unique properties that can be exploited to develop promising algal biofuel technologies. The key to algae's potential as a renewable fuel source lies in the high productivities of algal biomass that can be grown in each area; some researchers say algae could be 100 times more productive than traditional bioenergy feedstocks. Achieving the potential for these high productivities in real-world systems is a key challenge to realizing the promise of sustainable and affordable algal biofuels.
- Track 10-1 Algae cultivation
- Track 10-2 Cyanobacterial biofuels production
- Track 10-3 Algal bio sequestration
- Track 10-4 Advances in biofuel production
- Track 10-5 Green diesel from algae
- Track 10-6 Jet fuel from algae
- Track 10-7 Hydrogen Fuel cells
- Track 10-8 Harvesting and oil extraction system
- Track 10-9 Commercialization of algae biofuels
- Track 10-10 Wastewater based algae biofuels production
The daunting energy challenges in the 21st century are a result of over-reliance on limited fossil fuels coupled with ever-increasing energy demand. Among the solutions is the development of technologies and infrastructures to help in the smooth transition to alternative and renewable energy sources. Nanotechnology, amalgamation of chemistry and engineering, is viewed as the new candidate for clean energy applications. It involves the manipulation of nanoscale structures to integrate them into larger material components and systems. In comparison to bulk materials, nanomaterials have high surface areas and are expected to exhibit higher activities. As these technologies become more mature, efficient, and economical, they could eventually replace traditional fossil fuels.
- Track 11-1 Nanotechnology for biofuels and bioenergy production
- Track 11-2 Nanotechnology-based reactors for converting plant fats to liquid fuels
- Track 11-3 Nanotechnology application in biofuel production
- Track 11-4 Nanotechnology and its role in next generation biofuels
- Track 11-5 Nanotechnology in solar and biofuels
Some propose that fuel only be made from non-edible vegetable oils such as Camelina, Jatropha or seashore mallow which can thrive on marginal agricultural land where many trees and crops will not grow, or would produce only low yields. Others argue that the problem is more fundamental. Farmers may switch from producing food crops to producing biofuel crops to make more money, even if the new crops are not edible. The law of supply and demand predicts that if fewer farmers are producing food the price of food will rise. It may take some time, as farmers can take some time to change which things they are growing, but increasing demand for first generation biofuels is likely to result in price increases for many kinds of food
- Track 12-1 Biofuels impact on food security
- Track 12-2 Nonfood crops for biofuels production
- Track 12-3 Agricultural modernization and its impact on society and environment
Bioeconomy is understanding mechanisms and methodologies at the genetic and molecular levels and applying this to creating or improving industrial processes. The Bioeconomy comprises those parts of the economy that use renewable biological resources from land and sea – such as crops, forests, fish, animals and micro-organisms – to produce food, materials and energy. It is an essential alternative to the dangers and limitations of our current fossil-based economy and can be considered as the next wave in our economic development. Bioeconomy, bio based economy, biotechnology refers to all economic activity derived from scientific and research activity focused on biotechnology.
- Track 13-1 Biofuel policies
- Track 13-2 Bioeconomy vision and tools
- Track 13-3 Industrial bioeconomy
- Track 13-4 Blue economy business
- Track 13-5 Biofuel market
Energy and environment are co-related in the technological and scientific aspects including energy conservation, and the interaction of energy forms and systems with the physical environment. The levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide has increased by 31% between 1800 and 2000, going from 280 parts per million to 367 parts per million. Various environmental policies have been implemented across the globe for reduction of GHG emissions for improvement of environment.
- Track 14-1 Energy and sustainability
- Track 14-2 Sustainability and climate change
- Track 14-3 Global warming
- Track 14-4 Waste management
- Track 14-5 Carbon foot print
- Track 14-6 Biodiversity
- Track 14-7 Sustainable energy
Green energy mainly involves natural processes which will be controlled with very little pollution. Anaerobic digestion, geothermic power, wind power, small-scale hydropower, solar power, biomass power, periodic event power, wave power, and a few styles of atomic power belongs to the green energy Green energy customers either obligates the utility corporations to extend the quantity of green energy that they purchase from the or directly fund the green energy through a green power supplier. Green economy can be defined as an economy that aims at reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities, which aims for property development while not degrading the atmosphere in keeping with the United Nations setting Programme. It closely connected with ecological economic science, however contains a lot of politically applied focus. A green economy is thought of together that is low carbon, resource economical and socially comprehensive. It closely connected with ecological economic science, however contains a lot of politically applied focus. Greenhouse emission emissions because of human action area unit progressively either inflicting global warming or creating global climate change worse.
- Track 15-1 Green energy & green power
- Track 15-2 Analysis of challenges and opportunities in green sectors
- Track 15-3 Sustainable agriculture
- Track 15-4 Macroeconomics
- Track 15-5 Solar energy
- Track 15-6 Solar power & artificial synthesis
- Track 15-7 Space based solar power (SPSV)
Renewable chemicals are used for increasing the use of renewable resources rather than fossil fuels. Renewable chemicals contain all the chemicals which are produced from renewable feedstock such as microorganisms, biomass (plant, animal, and marine), and agricultural raw materials. Renewable chemicals are utilized in food processing, housing, textiles, environment, transportation, hygiene, pharmaceutical, and other applications.There are diverse technologies available in chemical engineering which are used for making renewable chemicals The renewable chemicals market is expanding primarily the resources of renewable chemicals, and the consumer’s inclination towards using eco-friendly products. The high cost and certain factors related to the production of renewable chemicals are the factors that are hampering the development of this market. Presently Europe forms the largest market for renewable chemicals, but Asia-Pacific is driving the market growth, and is expected to override the renewable chemicals market by 2018.
- Track 16-1Biobased chemicals
- Track 16-2Chemicals derived from renewable carbon
- Track 16-3 Chemicals obtained from agricultural waste
- Track 16-4 Renewable global chemical market
Biofuels 2018 facilitates a unique platform for transforming potential ideas into great business. The present meeting/ conference create a global platform to connect global Entrepreneurs, Proposers and the Investors in the field of Biofuels, Biomass, Biogas, bioenergy and Renewable Energy and its allied sciences. This investment meet facilitates the most optimized and viable business for engaging people in to constructive discussions, evaluation and execution of promising business