Biomass

Biomass is an organic material that is used to produce fuel, used as an energy source in power stations for generating electricity. Materials that make up biomass fuels are forest debris, scrap lumber, certain crops, manure and waste residues. Biomass can be obtained by two ways-directly via combustion to produce heat, or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be achieved by different methods which are broadly classified into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Industrial biomass can be cultivated from different types of plants including miscanthus, switchgrass, willow, poplar, bamboo, sorghum, sugarcane, corn, and a variety of tree species, ranging from eucalyptus to oil palm (palm oil).